Code of Good Governance for the Profession in the Philippines
When I took an oath as a newly-licensed civil engineer on June 23, 2004 at the Manila Hotel, our guest speaker Hon. Hilario G. Davide, Jr., former Chief Justice, once told us the importance of the equality of all professions in the Philippines. So I browsed my invitation (once again) to reminisce and relearned the importance of all professionals.
(ISA-PUSO AT ISA-BUHAY ANG ARAL!)
My invitation program cover since I passed the May 2004 Board Exams
Executive Order No. 220
EXECUTIVE ORDER NO. 220
EXECUTIVE ORDER NO. 220 - DIRECTING THE ADOPTION OF THE CODE OF GOOD GOVERNANCE FOR THE PROFESSIONS IN THE PHILIPPINES
WHEREAS, pursuant to Section 14, Article XII of the Constitution, “the sustained development of a reservoir of national talents consisting of Filipino scientist xxx professionals xxx high-level technical manpower xxx shall be promoted by the State.”; (underscoring supplied)
WHEREAS, good governance is one pillar of a strong republic;
WHEREAS, by virtue of the provisions of Section 5 and 7(a) of Republic Act No. 8981, otherwise known as the PRC Modernization Act of 2000, the Professional Regulation Commission (PRC), hereinafter called the Commission, is empowered to adopt policies, such as professional standards and principles designed to enhance and maintain high professional, technical, and ethical standards in the practice of the professions;
WHEREAS, the adoption of the Code of Good Governance will promote and establish ethical awareness and competency among Filipino professionals to make them accountable to their public liability and fully fulfill their professional obligation to their clients; and
WHEREAS, the Code will empower professionals not only to upgrade or improve their technical and ethical proficiency but also to keep them abreast with modern trends and technology in their respective professions, thereby assuring the highly qualitative and globally-competitive professional services, and secure the safety and protection of the public.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GLORIA MACAPAGAL-ARROYO, President of the Philippines, by virtue of the powers vested in me by law, do hereby order:
Section 1. The Code of Good Governance for the Professions in the Philippines shall be adopted by all registered professionals.
Sec. 2. The Governance Advisory Council and the Professional Regulation Commission (PRC) are hereby directed to undertake measures, including networking with government agencies and civil society, to effectively implement and enforce the Code through the Professional Regulatory Boards (PRBs) under the Commission’s supervision and control.
Sec. 3. The PRC shall, after consultation with and upon recommendation of the various Boards, issue the necessary guidelines and procedures for the enforcement of the Code.
Sec. 4. Repealing Clause. — Any executive issuance, orders or provisions thereof inconsistent with the provisions of this Executive Order are deemed modified or repealed.
Sec. 5. Effectivity. — This Executive Order shall take effect immediately.
DONE, in the City of Manila, this 23rd day of June, in the year of Our Lord, Two Thousand and Three.
CODE OF GOOD GOVERNANCE FOR THE PROFESSION IN THE PHILIPPINES
Code of Good Governance for the Profession in the Philippines
This Code is adopted by the Professional Regulation Commission (PRC) and the 42 Professional Regulatory Boards to cover an environment of good governance in which all Filipino professionals shall perform their tasks. While each profession may adopt and enforce its own code of good governance and code of ethics, it is generally recognized that there is a general commonality among the various codes. This Code which covers the common principles underlying the codes of various professions could be used by all professionals who face critical ethical questions in their work.
General Principle of Professional Conduct
Professionals are required not only to have an ethical commitment, a personal resolve to act ethically, but also have both ethical awareness and ethical competency. Ethical awareness refers to the ability to discern between right and wrong, while ethical competency pertains to the ability to engage in sound moral reasoning and consider carefully the implications of alternative actions.
Specific Principle of Professional Conduct
1. Service to Others
Professionals are committed to a life of service to others. They protect life, property, and public welfare. To serve others, they shall be prepared for heroic sacrifice and genuine selflessness in carrying out their professional duties even at the expense of personal gain.
2. Integrity and Objectivity
To maintain and broaden public confidence, professionals shall perform their responsibilities with the highest sense of integrity and imbued with nationalism and spiritual values. In the performance of any professional service, they shall at all times, main objectivity, be free of conflicts of interest, and refrain from engaging in any activity that would prejudice their abilities to carry out their duties ethically. They shall avoid making any representation that would likely cause a reasonable person to misunderstand or to be deceived.
3. Professional Competence
In providing professional services, a certain level of competence is necessary, i.e., knowledge, technical skills, attitudes, and experience. Professionals shall, therefore, undertake only those professional services that they can reasonably deliver with professional competence. Corollary to this, it is their express obligation to keep up with new knowledge and techniques in their field, continually improve their skills and upgrade their level of competence and take part in a lifelong continuing education program.
4. Solidarity and Teamwork
Each profession shall nurture and support one organization for all its members. Though a deep spirit of solidarity, each member should put the broader interest of the profession above one’s personal ambition and preference. Through teamwork within a cohesive professional organization, each member shall effectively observe ethical practices and pursue continuing professional development as well as deepen one’s social and civic responsibility.
5. Social and Civic Responsibility
Professionals shall always carry out their professional duties with due consideration of the broader interest of the public. They shall, therefore, serve their clients/employers and the publics with professional concern and in a manner consistent with their reponsibilities to society. As responsible Filipino citizens, they shall actively contribute to the attainment of the country’s national objectives.
6. Global Competitiveness
Every professional shall remain open to challenges of a more dynamic interconnected world. He or she shall rise up to global standards and maintain levels of professional practices fully aligned with global best practices.
7. Equality of All Professions
All professionals shall treat their colleagues with respect and shall strive to be fair in their dealings with one another. No one group of professionals is superior or above others. All professionals perform an equally important, yet distinct, service to society. In the eyes of the PRC, all professions are equal and, therefore, every one shall treat one other professionals with respect and fairness.